GDSN Acronyms

Applicability statement (transfer protocol).

Applicability statement transfer for secure and payload exchange B2B docs.

Big Data
A collection of data sets so large and complex that it becomes difficult to process with standard database tools and techniques specifically linked to Master Data Management (MDM).
Business-to-Business, interaction or relationship between two companies as opposed to involving consumers. In an information exchange context this typically involves integration between business applications from both companies.

Business-to-Consumers, interaction between a business or company and the end consumer (e.g., catalog advertising).


Customer Master Data Management


A catalog is a listing of products and or services that can be shared to obtain a global list of a company’s products.


A classification assigned to an item which groups related items together.

Category Hierarchy

Categories which are placed into hierarchical structured groupings to facilitate the management of like items at various levels or groups.

Category Schema

Structured grouping of category levels used to organize and assign products

Category Management

Category management is the concept of managing each category as an individual business unit.

Change Management

An approach to shifting/transitioning individuals, teams, and organizations from a current stated to a desired future state.


Catalog Item Confirmation. Used to communicate (via GDSN) issues with master data.


Catalog Item Notification. Standard xml message used to communicate (via GDSN) product information.


Collaborative Planning, Forecasting, and Replenishment. Collaborating with customers to determine stock levels which can be ordered so that demand can be met effectively and efficiently.


Consumer Packaged Goods

A family of symbols most seen in the GS1 DataBar Coupon. Formerly known as Reduced Space Symbology.
Data Consolidation

Capturing data from multiple source systems and integrating them into a single persistent data store.

Data Federation

Provides a single virtual view of one or more source data files.

Data Pool (Product)
Facilitates the sharing companies product catalogs via GS1 standard messaging and processing. Data Pools are the only way to make the relevant product data accessible in the Global Data Synchronization (GDS) framework.
Data Propagation
The replication of identical data through multiple systems.
Data Source
Party who is officially recognized as the owner of the data in question. For a given item or party, the data source is responsible for maintaining the information that is under its responsibility in the Global Commerce Initiative.
Data Recipient

A party which is authorized to view and make use of Master Data provided by a Data Source. Data Recipients are also known as “subscriber”

Data Validation

The process of checking for accuracy and integrity using accepted industry standards.


Data Dictionary


Digital Transmission – Data exchange module


European Article Number

EAN UCC System

The EAN UCC System offers multi-sector solutions to improve business efficiency and productivity. The system in managed by GS1 International and is known as the GS1 System today.


Efficient Consumer Response is an international movement based upon improving the efficiency of the supply chain – from raw materials to the consumer. The aim is to “fulfill consumer wishes better, faster and at less cost.”


Electronic Data Interchange is the transfer of structured data, by standard messaging standards, from one computer application to another.

Electronic Trading
Electronic trading is the process whereby all supply chain transactions – order, shipments, goods processing, sales, and payments—are all done electronically (paperless). Electronic procurement usually conducted via the internet, including auctions, catalog, request for quote, and more.

Electronic Product Code – a part of the Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) standards framework

EPC Global Inc.

Manages the EPC system under the umbrella of GS1 International.


Enterprise Resource Planning software


End User License Agreement


Secure internet platform used to deliver EDI messages, also known as Value Added Network (VAN).


A set of related programs, located at a network gateway server that protects the resources of a private network from users from other networks


Fast Moving Consumer Goods


File Transfer Protocol used to easily exchange files over the internet using
desktop software.


Global Commerce Initiative


Global Data Dictionary contains a list of all the attributes that are available in the GDSN


Global Data Synchronization Network, a global industry standard for data synchronization

The Global Document Type Identifier is the identification key for a document type combined with an optional serial number and used to access database information that is required for document control purposes. The GDTI is assigned for the lifetime of the document type and may be bar coded using Application Identifier (253).

Global Electronic Party Register is a distributed database that contains basic information on over one million companies in over one hundred countries (GTIN, GLN, -defined elsewhere in this document)


The Global Individual Asset Identifier is the GS1 Identification Key used in a diverse range of business applications ranging from tracking to recording the life cycle of the history of aircraft parts. It is assigned by the owner of the of the asst and may be bar coded using Application Identifier (8004)


Global Location Number, a globally unique number assigned by companies based on their GS1 prefix for use in EDI, and for numbering legal, functional, and physical entities.


Gross Margin Return on Inventory Investment is a ratio in microeconomics that describes a seller’s income on every dollar spent (sales units divided by average inventory units equals gross margin divided by average inventory costs).


Global Product Classification is a product classification standard that identifies the category of a product.


Global Registry is a global directory for the registration of items and parties. It can only contain data certified “CGI compliant” content. It federates GCI/GDAS compliant data pools and acts as a pointer to the data pools where master data has been originally and physically stored.


Global Return Asset Identifier is the GS1 Identification Key for types of reusable package or transport equipment that are considered an asset. It is used to enable tracking as well as recording of all relevant data associated with the individual asset
or asset type. The GRAI is assigned for the lifetime of the asset and may be barcoded using Application Identifier (8003).

GS1 Data Matrix

2D matrix symbol (barcode) specified by GS1.

GS1 DataBar

Stacked barcode most seen in the couponing. It can also contain a GTIN and can contain all application identifiers.

GS1 Identification Keys

The GS1 Identification Keys include a variety of methods of identification. The GS1 ID keys are GTIN, GLN, SSCC, GIAI, GRAI, GSRN, and GDTI.

GS1 Identifiers

GS1 Identification Keys and attributes.

GS1 Prefix

A prefix assigned by GS1 Member Organizations and used to create certain GS1 ID keys such as GTINs and GLNs.


Global Standards Management Process


Global Service Relation Number is the GS1 Identification Key used to identify the recipient of services in the context of a service relationship. It is used to enable access to a database entry for recording recurring services. If it normally assigned by the service provider and may be barcoded using Application Identifier (8018).


Goods and Services Tax


Global Trade Item Number


Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure is a widely used communications protocol for secure communication over the internet.


Master Data is data about business entities such as customers or products about which there is an agreed-upon view across the organization.


Master Data Management, the management of all business reference information within an organization.


Master Data Synchronization – the timely and auditable distribution of certified standardized Master Data from a data source to a final data recipient of this information. The synchronization process is also known as Master Data Alignment process.


Metadata is a term used in data warehousing and data integration initiatives to refer to the data schema- that is, the structure and definitions of the types of data in a database.


Retailers require Material Safety Data Sheets to provide to customers and contain information regarding handling, using, and storing hazardous goods including toxicity.

Neutral Master Data is shared between multiple parties and is relationship independent (e.g., GTIN, Item Description, measurements, catalog prices, standard items, GLN, addresses) (GDAS Definition) Most of the existing data pools facilitate the exchange of neutral master data.

The data sourced, through its home data pool /solution provider, send an electronic notice to the subscriber when a valid event occurs. This is based on the subscription profile. (Neutral or price attribute changes).


Product Information Management is the management of all information related to a product. Also referred to as product data management and product catalog management.


Planograms are detailed in-store merchandise layout plans for a specific product or category. It includes location, type of fixturing, and number of facings by product.


The granting of access to a product within a product catalog. Access can be granted to a given list of parties (identified by GLNs) or to all parties in a market.


Reduced Space Symbology the OLD name for GS1 DATABAR, explained above. It included each of these: RSS-14, RSS Limited, RSS Expanded and RSS-14 Stacked.


Supply Chain Management is the integrated management of the flow of physical goods and associated information, from raw materials sourcing to delivery of finished products to consumers. Part of ECR philosophy.

Search / Browse

This provides data visibility according to the user’s permission and certain criteria such as Categories, GTIN, GLN, and target market, as well as other criteria. Data Pools provide this visibility in the framework of the GCI inter-operable network.

A data recipient request for a product or group of products that is receive as a “notification”. A subscription is subject to the recipient’s access to information which is controlled by the data source through the publication process.

Uniform Code Council currently known as GS1 US, based in the U.S. is a membership organization of GS1 Global.


Unique Device Identification


Unique Device Identification-Device Identifier


Universal Standard Products and Services Classification code is an open global standard for classifying products and services.

Value Chain

A series of value-added process activities that incorporate demand creation & management. An extension of supply chain management philosophy.


Vendor Master Data Management


Extensible Markup Language


Schema Definition for XML